Guinea new 20,000-franc note reported for 11.05.2015

Guinea_BCRG_20000_francs_2015.00.00_B37as_PNLs_AA_000000_f
According to a GCI article dated 29 April 2015, the Banque Centrale de la Republique de Guinée plans to introduce a new 20,000-franc banknote on 11 May 2015. The new denomination is twice as large as the current 10,000-franc note (BCRB B36) and is intended to ease large economic transactions. The note depicts two pigeons taking flight, symbolizing the modernity and the opening of Guinea to the world. The front also depicts a Guinean woman in honor of the role women play in the economy. The back depicts a hydroelectric dam in Kaleta, to mark the desire for energy self-sufficiency. The note is coated with a protective varnish to extend its lifespan, and contains markings to facilitate use by the sight impaired.

Courtesy of Cedrian Lopez-Bosch.

Burundi new note family reported

Burundi_BRB_500_francs_2015.01.15_B36a_PNL_AA_0123456_f
Burundi_BRB_500_francs_2015.01.15_B36a_PNL_AA_0123456_r

Burundi_BRB_2000_francs_2015.01.15_B37a_PNL_CA_0123456_f
Burundi_BRB_2000_francs_2015.01.15_B37a_PNL_CA_0123456_r

Burundi_BRB_5000_francs_2015.01.15_B38a_PNL_DA_0123456_f
Burundi_BRB_5000_francs_2015.01.15_B38a_PNL_DA_0123456_r

Burundi_BRB_10000_francs_2015.01.15_B39a_PNL_EA_0000000_f
Burundi_BRB_10000_francs_2015.01.15_B39a_PNL_EA_0000000_r
According to a press release on its web site, on 29 April 2015 the Bank of the Republic of Burundi introduced a new family of banknotes consisting of denominations of 500, 2,000, 5,000 and 10,000 francs. The new notes are phyiscally smaller than the preceding issues, with improved security, durability, and accessibility for the sight impaired. A 1,000-franc denomination is planned for the new family (no release date has been announced), but the 100-franc note will be replaced by a coin, and 10-, 20-, and 50-franc notes will lose their legal tender status in three months, as will all old notes.

Courtesy of Claudio Marana.

What Does It Take to Design a Banknote?

This article was reprinted from SPECIMEN Issue 4 with the permission of Innovia Security, maker of Guardian polymer substrate.

What Does It Take to Design a Banknote?


When it comes to designing a new banknote, aesthetics are just one aspect to be considered. The challenge goes well
beyond the initial concept — —it is to innovate and compose all the visual elements in perfect harmony while incorporating
a selection of complex security features. Banknote designer Carlos Almenar walks us through the process, which at times
can be a maze and requires thinking at multiple levels.

Carlos Almenar
Having worked across the banknote industry, Carlos Almenar knows what makes for a great design.

What is the role of concept design in today’s banknote industry?
A banknote designer is a person capable of interpreting the culture and identity of a nation, to then translate these semantic
concepts into the specic techniques required to build a banknote.

The banknote designer is also an architect who works with a team of specialists in the banknote industry. Their thoughts and reflections must focus on the designs, substrates, security features and printing techniques.

The banknote designer advises central banks regarding the architecture and manufacturing of a banknote – its aesthetics, colours, sizes, security features, substrates, etc. They guarantee that the banknote design will go beyond the aesthetic concept – as a true work of art, the design will be adapted to the complex techniques involved in banknote manufacturing.

In my opinion, today’s banknote designer must adapt and transform the design techniques and concepts to a new dimension of our presentand future.

Should it be a concept or an actual illustration of the fiŸnal note?
A banknote design or concept must be conceptualised with manufacturing in mind. The banknote designer sits between their central bank customer and the manufacturing industry. The design concepts that are created and presented to the central bank must correspond exactly to each step of the manufacturing process. For this reason, there must be fluid and open lines of communication between the banknote designer and all the key groups responsible for the security features.

How much detail should the concept contain?
The banknote designer must consider many di‘erent details, especially since a design cannot just be “beautiful”. The design must go beyond the aesthetic so it can become a truly functional feature that adapts perfectly to the expectations of the central bank. And above all, the banknote design must be fully compatible with the substrate manufacturing and printing techniques.

How much freedom is there to change the concept as the project progresses?
Freedom to introduce changes in a concept design will always be present, although the problem is not its freedom but the time it takes to complete these changes in the design. When a design project is at a late stage in its development and the need to change it arises, time plays a very important role. If the proposed changes are based on subjective reasons, work
can continue for hours on end and it may never reach any conclusions. However, if the reasons are objective and based on sound logic, apositive outcome can be reached in a short time.

How do you cater for the different expectations of various stakeholders?
For me it is important to listen to the div‘ergent views and opinions that participate in the design process towards the creation of a banknote, especially since banknotes are normally made using very complex systems and every note has its own identity and specific security codes. But the most important part is to listen and understand the needs of the central bank. Each country has its own economy and specic needs regarding cash management. It is very important to understand that banknotes are diff‘erent in each nation or issuing authority of circulating currency.

TheWind
From abstract to concrete: Carlos Almenar’s interpretation of the invisible comes alive.

In your experience, are there many differences between designing a concept banknote in polymer versus designing for paper?
The basics of banknote design are simple; however today there is a diversity of substrate technologies propelling the evolution of design into more complex eff‘ects.

Paper substrates have existed for centuries and evolved, not in the raw materials, but in the development of watermarks, security threads and durability. Today there are other substrates such as polymer, and this specically has made banknote designs a lot more dynamic and complex due to its wide array of alternatives intransparency and opacity integrated in highly detailed security features and printing.

Today polymer has evolved in an incredible manner and the creation of a design has evolved accordingly. The security features and composition of the many design layers that form a polymer substrate inspire the designer to focus their activity in the synchronisation of polymer and the associated security features. But beyond this, all these elements must be adapted to the printing systems and therefore an integrated concept design can be achieved: substrate, design architecture, security features and printing. This enables the design to off‘er a variety of products adapted to new technologies that whilst highly-secure, pose greater challenges for would-be counterfeiters.

How do you deal with these differences yourself?
I have had the privilege of designing banknotes on both paper and polymer, which includes working at the Central Bank of Venezuela Print Works, Oberthur Fiduciaire, and now as Banknote Designer at Innovia Security. These experiences have enabled me to understand and appreciate the di‘fferences between the processes used to create a banknote in paper or polymer.

Currently, my work involves an increased use of technology and therefore I must integrate the concepts developed for the
substrate and interact in more detail with the experts in polymer substrate design, as well as with the scientists behind the complex security features. Personally, I think this harmony enables me to create true works of art using leading-edge technology.

This is my biggest challenge: to achieve distinct dimensions of eff‘ects, transparency and opacity
that can be understood by the central bank and accepted by the public. Users must be able to quickly authenticate the note, and banknote accepting machines must also be able to decode security features immediately.

Nigeria new sig/date (2014) 500-naira note confirmed

Nigeria_CBN_500_naira_2014.00.00_B28p_P30_P-12_906841_f
500 naira, 2014. Like CBN B28, but new date and new signatures. Prefix P/12.

Anyone interested in buying one of these notes can contact the contributor by clicking the link below.

Courtesy of Evžen Škňouřil.

Scotland chapter of The Banknote Book is now available

Scotland cover
The Scotland chapter of The Banknote Book is now available for individual sale at US$4.99, and as a free download to subscribers.

This 6-page catalog covers notes issued by the National Commercial Bank of Scotland Limited from 1959 to 1968. Published 1 May 2015.

Each chapter of The Banknote Book includes detailed descriptions and background information, full-color images, and accurate valuations. The Banknote Book also features:
  • Sharp color images of note’s front and back without overlap
  • Face value or date of demonetization if no longer legal tender
  • Specific identification of all vignette elements
  • Security features described in full
  • Printer imprint reproduced exactly as on note
  • Each date/signature variety assigned an individual letter
  • Variety checkboxes for tracking your collection and want list
  • Date reproduced exactly as on note
  • Precise date of introduction noted when known
  • Replacement note information
  • Signature tables, often with names and terms of service
  • Background information for historical and cultural context
  • Details magnified to distinguish between note varieties
  • Bibliographic sources listed for further research

Subscribe to The Banknote Book
If you collect the entire world or a large number of countries, buying a $99 annual subscription is the best deal because it's less expensive than buying chapters individually, and it entitles you to every chapter currently available as well as everything published—or revised (click here to see the Change Log)—during the next 12 months.

Subscribe
Sign up for Email Notifications
If you would like to receive email notifications whenever a new chapter of The Banknote Book is published, please join the email list by clicking the button below.

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Nepal new 1,000-rupee note confirmed

Nepal_NRB_1000_rupees_2013.00.00_B86a_PNL_f
Nepal_NRB_1000_rupees_2013.00.00_B86a_PNL_r

1,000 rupees, 2013. Like NRB B79, but now dated at lower center front and back, and the bank name in English appears on the back.

nepal_v2
On 25 April 2015, a 7.8 magnitude earthquake struck Nepal near the capital of Kathmandu, causing massive devastation in the nation's capital and largest city, with more than 5,800 fatalities officially confirmed as of 30 April. Rescue efforts are underway and the death toll continues to rise. Homes, buildings, and infrastructure have been badly damaged and destroyed. Relief organizations are mobilizing to provide support and emergency supplies to the people impacted.

Please consider helping the relief efforts by donating to any one of the many relieft organizations via PayPal, which is waiving fees for donations made through this campaign, ensuring that 100% of your gift reaches the organization you support.

Courtesy of Dmitry Svobodin.

Central African States new 1,000- and 2,000-franc hybrid notes confirmed

Central_African_States_BEAC_1000_francs_2002.00.00_B7Ud_P207U_U_416208004_r
Central_African_States_BEAC_2000_francs_2002.00.00_B8Ud_P208U_U_312619142_r
According to reports, the Banque des États de l’Afrique Centrale (Bank of the Central African States) has begun printing 500-, 1,000-, and 2,000-franc notes (BEAC B6, B7, and B8, respectively) on hybrid substrate. The notes appear identical to the preceding paper issues, except for the new signature combination of Lucas Abaga Nchama and Salomon Francis Meke. To date the 1,000- and 2,000-franc note has been confirmed with country code U for Cameroon.

Courtesy of Claudio Marana.

Poland new numismatic product confirmed

20150414_album
On 16 April 2015, the National Bank of Poland introduced an album containing all 23 banknotes issued from 1975 to 1993 (none of the notes is legal tender nor exchangeable). 23,000 sets quickly sold out at 190 zloty each (US$53), which is not surprising because until recently these notes would have set you back US$3,000 if purchased separately on the collector market. Because the new album contains notes with prefixes intermingled with those previously confirmed as issued, it’s impossible to distinguish between pieces taken from numismatic products and issued notes.

10 zł
1 czerwca 1982
NBP B32a

20 zł
1 czerwca 1982
NBP B33a

50 zł
9 maja 1975
NBP B34a

100 zł
17 maja 1976
NBP B35b

200 zł
1 czerwca 1986
NBP B36d

500 zł
1 czerwca 1982
NBP B37d

1.000 zł
2 lipca 1975
NBP B38a

2.000 zł
1 czerwca 1979
NBP B39b

5.000 zł
1 czerwca 1982
NBP B40a

10.000 zł
1 lutego 1987
NBP B41a

20.000 zł
1 lutego 1989
NBP B42a

50.000 zł
1 grudnia 1989
NBP B43a

100.000 zł
1 lutego 1990
NBP B44a

200.000 zł
1 grudnia 1989
NBP B45a

500.000 zł
20 kwietnia 1990
NBP B46a

1.000.000 zł
15 lutego 1991
NBP B47a

2.000.000 zł
14 sierpnia 1992
NBP B48a
konstytucyjy
2.000.000 zł
14 sierpnia 1992
NBP B48b
konstytucyjny
50.000 zł
16 listopada 1993
NBP B49a

100.000 zł
16 listopada 1993
NBP B50a

500.000 zł
16 listopada 1993
NBP B51a

1.000.000 zł
16 listopada 1993
NBP B52a

2.000.000 zł
16 listopada 1993
NBP B53a


Courtesy of Krzysztof Czupryński, Darius Alejunas, Albert Vokhmin, and Max Keller.

Trans-Dniester new 1- and 10-ruble commemorative notes reported

Trans-Dniestria_TDRB_1_ruble_2015.00.00_B15a_PNL_f
Trans-Dniestria_TDRB_10_rubles_2015.00.00_B16a_PNL_f

According to a Russian-language press release, on 28 April 2015, the Trans-Dniester Republican Bank introduced 1- and 10-ruble banknotes commemorating the 70th anniversary of victory in World War II. These commemorative notes are like the existing regular issues (TDRB B9 and B11), but have an overprint at lower right front with the Russian text 70 ЛЕТ ВЕЛИКОЙ ПОБЕДЫ (70 Years of Great Victory) above Saint George’s Ribbon, the most respected symbol of military valour in Russia, followed by 1945-2015 below. 7,070 pieces of each denomination were issued into circulation. 2,000 sets of the notes were sold in folders as numismatic products.

Courtesy of Тисленко Вадим (Vadim Tislenko), Ivan Bogdanov (bonistics.org), and Albert Vokhmin.

Macau BNU new date (11.11.2013) 50-pataca note confirmed

50 patacas, 11 DE NOVEMBRO DE 2013. Like P81A, but new date. Prefix AJ.

Courtesy of Wally Myers.

Macau Banco da China new date (01.07.2013) 50-pataca note confirmed

50 patacas, 1 DE JULHO DE 2013. Like BDC B15a, but new date. Prefix AB.

Courtesy of Wally Myers.

Solomon Islands new 100-dollar note confirmed

Solomon_Islands_CBSI_100_dollars_2015.00.00_B22a_PNL_A-1_083985_f
Solomon_Islands_CBSI_100_dollars_2015.00.00_B22a_PNL_A-1_083985_r
100 dollars, no date. Like CBSI B20, but revised design. Intro: 10 April 2015.

The following is a press release from De La Rue:

10 April 2015: A new $100 designed and printed in close collaboration with De La Rue has been launched by the Central Bank of Solomon Islands. This is the second denomination of the new family of notes following the $50 launched in September 2013 .
The Central Bank of Solomon Islands has today issued their new $100 banknote. In keeping with the new $50, this new note uses strong images and bold colours to reflect the vibrancy of the islands.
The overall theme of the note is rural life, depicting particularly the coconut as a major source of income in the rural Solomon Islands. On the front of the note, the abstract pattern work is based on a geometrical design and represents the swirling movement of shoals of fish whilst images portraying rural livelihood, social and economic activities in rural Solomon Islands are shown on the back.
As on the $50, the most prominent security feature is the Optiks™ super wide security thread with a transparent window. This Optiks technology was recognised in 2013 when De La Rue received the Queen’s Award for Enterprise: Innovation for the thread and its associated paper making process.
On the occasion of the launch of the new $100, the Governor of the Central Bank of the Solomon Islands Denton Rarawa commented “This beautiful banknote is the result of the continued close collaboration between the Central Bank and De La Rue. We thank them for their contribution to the launch of this new note, the second note of our new banknote series”.
De La Rue’s Sales Director Ruth Euling said ”We are delighted to see the issue of this new note and are proud of our continued association with the Solomon Islands, a relationship that dates back almost a century to 1916”.

Also, read the press release from the Central Bank of Solomon Islands.

Courtesy of Sejin Ahn, Paul Nahmias, and Claudio Marana.

Malawi new 1,000-kwacha note confirmed

Malawi_RBM_1000_kwacha_2014.01.01_B59a_PNL_AX_2678220_f
Malawi_RBM_1000_kwacha_2014.01.01_B59a_PNL_AX_2678220_r
1,000 kwacha, 1st JANUARY 2014. Like RBM B56, but without the commemorative text at lower right front.

Anyone interested in buying one of these notes can contact the contributor by clicking the link below.

Courtesy of Hartmut Fraunhoffer (Banknote-Online).

Gambia new dalasi note family confirmed

On 25 February 2015, the Central Bank of The Gambia unveiled a new family of notes, which now includes a 200-dalasi note, twice the size of the previously largest denomination. All of the redesigned banknotes bear the portrait of President Yahya Jammeh and are smaller in size than the preceding issues. The 20-dalasi note will replace the 25-dalasi note which will continue to be legal tender and will continue to circulate until it is fully withdrawn over time.
Originally scheduled for 30 March 2015, the issuance of these notes was postponed until 15 April 2015 due to a delay in the receipt of publicity materials from the printer, De La Rue.

Gambia_CBG_5_dalasis_2015.04.15_B29a_PNL_B_8812621_f
Gambia_CBG_5_dalasis_2015.04.15_B29a_PNL_B_8812621_r

Gambia_CBG_10_dalasis_2015.04.15_B30a_PNL_A_8178321_f
Gambia_CBG_10_dalasis_2015.04.15_B30a_PNL_A_8178321_r

Gambia_CBG_20_dalasis_2015.04.15_B31a_PNL_A_4743521_f
Gambia_CBG_20_dalasis_2015.04.15_B31a_PNL_A_4743521_r

Gambia_CBG_50_dalasis_2015.04.15_B32a_PNL_A_1227521_f
Gambia_CBG_50_dalasis_2015.04.15_B32a_PNL_A_1227521_r

Gambia_CBG_100_dalasis_2015.04.15_B33a_PNL_A_9145621_f
Gambia_CBG_100_dalasis_2015.04.15_B33a_PNL_A_9145621_r

Gambia_CBG_200_dalasis_2015.04.15_B34a_PNL_A_0647721_f
Gambia_CBG_200_dalasis_2015.04.15_B34a_PNL_A_0647721_r

Anyone interested in buying one of these notes can contact the contributor by clicking the link below.

Courtesy of Hartmut Fraunhoffer (Banknote-Online).

Hong Kong Bank of China notes dated 01.01.2014 confirmed

All denominations (20, 50, 100, 500, and 1,000 dollars) have been confirmed dated 1 JANUARY 2014.

Courtesy of Wally Myers.

Martinique chapter of The Banknote Book is now available

Martinique cover
The Martinique chapter of The Banknote Book is now available for individual sale at US$9.99, and as a free download to subscribers.

This 23-page catalog covers notes issued by the Trésor Colonial (Colonial Treasury) from 1855 to 1884, Banque de la Martinique (Bank of Martinique) from 1870 to 1945, Caisse Centrale de le France Libre (Central Cashier of Free France) in 1941, and Caisse Centrale de le France d’Outre-Mer (Central Cashier of Overseas France) from 1944 to 1960. Published 24 April 2015.

Each chapter of The Banknote Book includes detailed descriptions and background information, full-color images, and accurate valuations. The Banknote Book also features:
  • Sharp color images of note’s front and back without overlap
  • Face value or date of demonetization if no longer legal tender
  • Specific identification of all vignette elements
  • Security features described in full
  • Printer imprint reproduced exactly as on note
  • Each date/signature variety assigned an individual letter
  • Variety checkboxes for tracking your collection and want list
  • Date reproduced exactly as on note
  • Precise date of introduction noted when known
  • Replacement note information
  • Signature tables, often with names and terms of service
  • Background information for historical and cultural context
  • Details magnified to distinguish between note varieties
  • Bibliographic sources listed for further research

Subscribe to The Banknote Book
If you collect the entire world or a large number of countries, buying a $99 annual subscription is the best deal because it's less expensive than buying chapters individually, and it entitles you to every chapter currently available as well as everything published—or revised (click here to see the Change Log)—during the next 12 months.

Subscribe
Sign up for Email Notifications
If you would like to receive email notifications whenever a new chapter of The Banknote Book is published, please join the email list by clicking the button below.

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United Emirates new 50-dirham note confirmed

United_Arab_Emirates_CBA_50_dirhams_2014.00.00_B36a_PNL_001_068036_f
United_Arab_Emirates_CBA_50_dirhams_2014.00.00_B36a_PNL_001_068036_r

50 dirham, 2014. Like CBA B33, but new date, new signatures, and tactile horizontal bars at front left and right, plus the coat of arms in OVI.

Courtesy of Thomas Augustsson.

Cuba new date (2013) 5-peso convertible note confirmed

5 pesos convertibles, 2013. Like PFX48, but new date. Prefix CH 16.

Courtesy of Yigal Arkin.

Albania new sig/date (2013) 5,000-lek note confirmed

Albania_BES_5000_leke_2013.00.00_B21b_P75_XL_319149_sig
5,000 leke, 2013. Like BES B21a, but new date, new signatures (Ardian Fullani and Dorian Çollaku), and 3.0-mm wide windowed security thread.

Official press release dated 8 July 2014:

The 5000 Lekë Albanian banknote, legal tender, issue of 2013, in circulation

The Bank of Albania is notifying the Albanian public that the 5000 Lekë Albanian banknote, legal tender, issue of 2013, will start circulating on 09 July 2014.

Reprinting of the 5000 Lekë Albanian banknote, legal tender, was approved by decision of Bank of Albania’s Supervisory Council, No. 05, dated 17.01.2013, in pursuance of the Law No. 8269, dated 23.12.1997 “On the Bank of Albania”, as amended.

The new 5000 Lekë banknote, issue of 2013, has the same basic design and size as the 5000 Lekë banknote, issue of 2007, put into circulation on 15.05.2009.

The change in the last issue stands in the thickness of the security threat, which is 3 mm from 1.5 mm, the year of issue in the banknote body which is ‘2013’, and the signature of the Head of the Issue Department.

Starting from 09 July 2014, the 5000 Lekë banknote, legal tender, issue of 2013, will be used as means of payment in parallel with all the currently circulating banknotes of this denomination, of earlier issues.

Courtesy of Sev Onyshkevych.

San Marino chapter of The Banknote Book is now available

San Marino cover
The San Marino chapter of The Banknote Book is now available as a free download to all.

This 1-page catalog covers notes issued by the Cassa di Risparmio della Repubblica di San Marino (Savings Bank of the Republic of San Marino) in 1976. Published 20 April 2015.

Each chapter of The Banknote Book includes detailed descriptions and background information, full-color images, and accurate valuations. The Banknote Book also features:
  • Sharp color images of note’s front and back without overlap
  • Face value or date of demonetization if no longer legal tender
  • Specific identification of all vignette elements
  • Security features described in full
  • Printer imprint reproduced exactly as on note
  • Each date/signature variety assigned an individual letter
  • Variety checkboxes for tracking your collection and want list
  • Date reproduced exactly as on note
  • Precise date of introduction noted when known
  • Replacement note information
  • Signature tables, often with names and terms of service
  • Background information for historical and cultural context
  • Details magnified to distinguish between note varieties
  • Bibliographic sources listed for further research

Subscribe to The Banknote Book
If you collect the entire world or a large number of countries, buying a $99 annual subscription is the best deal because it's less expensive than buying chapters individually, and it entitles you to every chapter currently available as well as everything published—or revised (click here to see the Change Log)—during the next 12 months.

Subscribe
Sign up for Email Notifications
If you would like to receive email notifications whenever a new chapter of The Banknote Book is published, please join the email list by clicking the button below.

Sign up